Human Growth Hormone or HGH is a substance produced by our bodies (pituitary gland in the brain). Basically it’s responsible for increasing height and general growth of various tissues like muscles, internal organs and bones, besides plays a key role in cell reproduction and regeneration.
This hormone has extremely important effects in bodybuilding:
- increases muscle size
- boosts up strength and energy
- accelerates fat burning
- strengthens bones
- speeds up muscle recovery
- increases protein synthesis
- helps to control insulin and sugar levels
Again we are able to raise the level of this hormone by:
- lifting weights,
- decreasing resting time between sets,
- avoiding junk food,
- sleeping long enough.
Intense workouts with high repetition range and short resting time between sets causes building up the lactic acid in our muscles what leads to increase both Growth Hormone and testosterone secretion in the body.
Simple carbs especially sweets, sugar and sodas rapidly increase the blood sugar level, which causes the pancreas to produce high amount of insulin. Body then produces another substance to reduce the insulin but unfortunately it reduces the level of Growth Hormone as well. Basically we should eat mostly whole, unprocessed foods, doesn’t matter what cycle we are on or what sport we train.
Most of this hormone is produced during sleep that’s why recovery is so important in bodybuilding.
HGH is used as a prescription drug in medicine to treat children’s growth disorders and delayed sexual maturity or adult’s growth hormone deficiency. Athletes use it as a doping to increase their performance, muscle size or strength what is of course illegal and can lead to side effects like acromegaly – thickening the bones of the jaw, face and fingers or overgrowth of internal organs including heart. That’s why most of modern bodybuilders have oversized guts, looking like they were pregnant.
Human Growth Hormone has very powerful anabolic effects. Our muscles wouldn’t grow without it. It’s a primary factor in getting leaner, more muscular and stronger. To keep it on a high level simply follow the training principles, stay away from processed food and sleep regular.